FAQ’s about risk factors of diabetes mellitus in 2020.

risk factors of diabetes mellitus.

In this article we will bust some myths of diabetes mellitus  and answer some frequently asked questions about risk factors of  diabetes mellitus.

 

Must read-Risk factors of diabetes mellitus and gestational diabetes2020

1. What are contributing factors to diabetes/what are risk factors of diabetes mellitus?

  • Various contributing factors for diabetes are obesity, sedentary lifestyle, decreased physical activity etc.
  • These are the most important factors which can contribute to type 2 diabetes mellitus.
  • Other factors responsible for diabetes are:
  1. positive family history
  2. patient who had high blood sugar during pregnancy
  3. PCOS, high blood pressure
  4. high cholesterol
  5. people from certain such as African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Asian Americans

2. Why is diabetes a risk factor for stroke?

  • Diabetes is one of the important risk factor for stroke.
  • The reason for this is that in diabetes there is increased glucose in the blood which damages the walls of blood vessels.
  • There also occurs thickening and stiffness of the blood vessels which can be due to decrease in the NO (nitric oxide).
  • Diabetes also increases the risk of atherosclerosis which can lead to stroke.

3. Why is diabetes a risk factor for atherosclerosis?

  • Diabetes is a risk factor for atherosclerosis.
  • In the diabetes patient the increased blood sugar levels causes damage to the intimal layer of the blood vessels.
  • There occur platelet adhesion at the site of damage which increases with time and causes thickening and narrowing of the blood vessels.
  • Adhesion and aggregation of platelets results in the formation of plaque that is it causes atherosclerosis.

4. What are 3 risk factors for type 2 diabetes?

  • The 3 main risk factors for diabetes mellitus are:
  1. positive family history of diabetes (it means that the patients either of the parents or both parents have diabetes or any of your sibling has diabetes)
  2. obesity.
  3. sedentary lifestyle.

5. How do you feel when your blood sugar is too high?

  • In patient of diabetes due to some factors there can occur hyperglycemia or increased blood sugar levels.
  • You should know that your blood sugar is high when u get following Symptoms :
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased frequency of urination
  • Blurry vision
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Excessive weight loss

6. What happens to your body when you have diabetes?

  • Diabetes is a disorder in which the body is not able to not produce insulin .
  • Insulin is an important hormone in of our body which help the cells to take up glucose to be used as fuel.
  • Because there is reduced insulin, the body is not able to use glucose and therefore there is no fuel for the body.

7. The Effects of Diabetes on Your Body

  • Diabetes is a chronics condition where in due to reduced serum  insulin level the cells of the body  cannot use the blood glucose which causes the blood sugar to rise.
  • Because there is no sugar in the  cells the cells undergo starvation.
  • In severe cases can cause muscle problems.

8. How does diabetes affect the brain?

  • Diabetes can affect brain in various ways.
  • Mainly In diabetes the increased blood glucose damages the blood vessel and causes platelet aggregation which result in formation of plaque.
  • In these patients the blood vessel can also stiff and narrowed.
  • These 2 factors increases the risk of stroke.
  • Due to alteration of the blood supply to the brain there is high tendancy for these patients to develop dementia.

9. Can diabetes mellitus be cured?

  • No, diabetes  cannot be cured.
  • But the formation of complications in these patients can be slowed down by making changes in the diet, exercise, and by taking proper medications.

10. What is diabetic neuropathy?

  • Neuropathy: in simple word neuropathy means nerve damage.
  • When neuropathy occurs due to the diabetes it is called diabetic neuropathy.
  • High amount of glucose damages the very small blood vessel which supplies blood to the nerves.
  • As the blood supply to the nerves is cut off it causes damage to the nerves.
  • Depending on which site the nerves are damaged there occurs the symptoms.

11. What is the risk factors for type 2 diabetes?

What Causes Type 2 Diabetes? Risk Factors, Lifestyle, and More

Factors that may increase your risk of type 2 diabetes  include:

  1. OBESITY OR OVERWEIGHT
  2. SEDENTARY LIFESTYLE
  3. POSITIVE FAMILY HISTORY
  4. AGE 45 & ABOVE
  5. GESTATIONAL DIABETES
  6. PCOS
  7. HIGH BP
  8. HIGH LIPID PROFILE
  9. CERTAIN RACE
  10. ACANTHOSIS NIGRICANS

12. Is age a risk factor of diabetes mellitus?

  • Yes age is a risk factor for diabetes.
  • Risk of getting diabetes increase with increasing age.
  • This is because as age advances the body losses muscle mass which may lead to reduction in exercise.
  • There may also be weight gain in these patients making them more susceptible to get diabetes.

13. Can a healthy individual get diabetes?

Yes, any healthy individual can get diabetes.

This is because diabetes like type 1 diabetes occurs due to autoimmune destruction of  beta cells of pancreas which produce insulin.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus occurs because of bad eating habits and sedentary lifestyle.

 

Must read-Risk factors of diabetes mellitus and gestational diabetes2020

14. Who is most at risk of diabetes?

  • Diabetes can occur in any individual, but some people are at a higher risk of getting diabetes than others.
  • Those who are at risk of diabetes are:
  • Those people whose parents or siblings has diabetes
  • Obese and overweight individual
  • Individual with sedentary lifestyle with very less physical activity
  • Females who had diabetes during pregnancy , or those females who has polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Person belonging to certain race such as African Americans, Alaska native American Indians, Asian American, native Hawaiian etc.
  • People with high blood pressure , high blood cholesterol levels.
  • People more than 45years of age.

15. Why does diabetes affect the blood vessel?

  • Increase in the blood glucose levels in the body can lead to activation and deactivation of various reactions in the body, result being increase in oxidative stress to the body.
  • This result in increased production of  free radicals.
  • These free radicals react with the intimal layer of  blood vessels causing damage to the vessels. On long term these vessels become thickened and narrowed.
  • There can be increase in platelet adhesion at the damaged site which will then result in atherosclerosis.

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