FAQ-Hyperthyroidism-global health problem of 2020

If you have any questions regarding Hyperthyroidism in 2020 ,you will find all your answers in this article.

1. How do you feel when you have hyperthyroidism?

  • Person with hyperthyroidism will have following complaints:
  • Feeling  very tired even without doing any work.
  • Feeling sleepy even after having slept properly.
  • Increased weight lose without decreased appetite.
  • Intolerant to heat, feels hot all the time.
  • Excessive sweating.
  • Increased hunger- as the basal metabolic rate is increased it will make person feel hungry.

2. How do you get hyperthyroidism in 2020?

  • The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is autoimmune disease (Grave’s disease).
  • Other causes of hyperthyroidism are:
  • Inflammation of thyroid gland (thyroiditis)
  • Thyroid nodules
  • Toxic multinodular goiter
  • Excess of iodine in diet or as iodine supplements
  • Increased intake of thyroid hormone
  • Pituitary gland tumors
  • Genetics
  • Neonatal hyperthyroidism

3. What does an overactive thyroid do to your body?

  • Overactive thyroid means that the thyroid gland is producing excess amount of thyroid hormone.
  • The increased levels of the thyroid hormone will mainly cause increase in the body’s metabolic rate.
  • This will cause weight loss and increase in the appetite.
  • Other effects that the overactive thyroid has on the body are:
  • sweating
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Fast or uneven irregular heartbeat or palpitations.
  • Sensitivity to heat
  • Moist and thin skin
  • bowel movements Increased or Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
  • tremors
  • Restlessness, agitation
  • exophthalmos
  • Muscles weakness.
  • irregular and scanty periods.

4. What are symptoms and signs of hyperthyroidism in 2020?

  • Fatigue
  • Excessive sleepiness
  • Weight loss.
  • Rapid heart rate, or  irregular heart rates.( palpitations)
  • Increased sweating.
  • Heat sensitive
  • Increased bowel movements.
  • Tremor
  • Nervousness, agitation, anxiety.

5. Can you gain weight with hyperthyroidism?

  • In hyperthyroidism there occurs increase in the basal metabolism of the body. Because of this there occurs increase in the various metabolic processes in the body causing weight lose.
  • But some cases the increase in the appetite can be more than the weight loss therefore these patients might experience weight gain even with increase BMR (basal metabolic rate).

6. What should not be eaten in hyperthyroidism?

  • A person with hyperthyroidism should not eat excess  amount of iodine-rich foods, such as:
  • iodized salt.
  • iodine supplements.
  • saltwater  fish and fish products.
  • shellfish.
  • seaweed.
  • amiodarone or iodine containing drugs

7. Can thyroid cause dizziness?

  • Yes thyroid disorders may make you feel dizzy the reason behind it is:
  • In hyperthyroidism there occurs rapid , uneven or irregular heartbeat called palpitations. This may cause reduced blood flow to the brain making a patient feel dizzy.
  • In hypothyroidism also there is reduced blood flow to the brain which occurs due to reduced blood pressure, making the person feel dizzy.

8. Does hyperthyroidism cause hair loss?

  • In hyperthyroidism the hair becomes fine and brittle and there occurs increased hair loss.
  • The hyperthyroid itself causes hairfall or the other autoimmune conditions which can be present in patient with hyperthyroidism can also result in hair loss. The diseases associated are celiac disease which can cause hairfall due iron deficiency, and the other disorder is alopecia areata.

9. Is hyperthyroidism a cancer?

  • No, hyperthyroidism is not a cancer.
  • Hyperthyroidism just means that the thyroid gland is hyperactive and is producing excess amount of thyroxine hormone.
  • The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is not cancer but an autoimmune disorder called as the Graves’ disease.
  • It ia seen that almost 20% of the thyroid cancers may cause patients gland to produces excess thyroxine resulting in hyperthyroidism.

10. Can Hyperthyroidism make you crazy?

  • Yes, in hyperthyroidism the increase in the thyroxine in the blood acts on the brain to cause following symptoms:
    • Mood changes
    • agitation, crankiness.
    • anxiety, nervousness.
    • emotional liability
    • reduced  concentration
    • Psychosis
  • If hyperthyroidism is not treated in severe cases the patient may suffer from psychosis and become crazy.

11. Does hyperthyroidism cause high blood pressure?

Yes hyperthyroidism will cause rise in the blood pressure and this is because it cause increase in the various aspects of the heart which are:

  • Increases heart rate.
  • Increases contractility of heart muscles.
  • Increase cardiac output.
  • Causes peripheral vasodilatation.

All the above factors lead to increase in the blood pressure in a patient with hyperthyroidism.

12. What is the best treatment for hyperthyroidism in 2020?

  • For permanent treatment of hyperthyroidism the best treatment is radioactive iodine.
  • In  most of the countries the widely used treatment is starting the patient on the anti thyroid medications which are propylthiouracil , methimazole, carbimazole.
  • In india carbimazole is the one which is used abundantly.

What is Treatment of hyperthyroidism in 2020[in detail article].

13. Does hyperthyroidism cause weight loss?

  • yes one of the symptom of Hyperthyroidism is weight loss.
  • weight loss occurs because the thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone which will cause increase in the metabolic rate of the body.
  • it means that the food that we eat is broken down into its components and is metabolised very fast and used for energy.
  • So the body will metabolise the fat molecules and result in weight loss.
  • Eventually there can be increased amount of breakdown of components, which in turn will cause weight loss.

14. Does hyperthyroidism cause anger?OR, Can hyperthyroidism cause personality changes?

Thyroid hormone are said to have a role in nervous system  it helps in neural growth and differentiation and also maintains the normal brain function.

Increase in the thyroid hormone will affect the central nervous system causing the patient to come with problems like:

  1. Mood swings,.
  2. Psychosis
  3. anxiety
  4. crankiness
  5. emotional liability
  6. lack of concentrate.
  7. Restlessness
  8. agitation
  9. nervousness
  10. dizziness

15. What are triggers of hyperthyroidism in 2020?

  • There are certain risk factors for hyperthyroidism which may trigger the hyperthyroidism in the body they are:

 

  1. Age: more than 60 years of age.
  2. Gender: females are more than males.
  3. certain type of viral infection can act as a trigger.
  4. Personal or family history of thyroid disorders
  5. history of any autoimmune condition.
  6. Patient on iodine supplements
  7. amiodarone or iodine containing drugs
  8. diet containing saltwater fish
  9. Pregnant female
  10. Thyroid gland Trauma
  11. Vitamin D deficiency, selenium deficiency
  12. Smoking
  13. Long term stress

16. Does hyperthyroidism make you tired?

  • Tiredness occurs because there is increased metabolic rate due to hyperthyroidism, so the ATP  which is required for energy is all used up making the  patient feel tired and weak.
  • Initially as there occurs increase in the basal  metabolic rate the amount of energy produced by the body was increased making the patient feel hyperactive.
  • As the diseases progresses the increase in the metabolism may also affect the body’s own tissues resulting in patient feeling weak and tired.

17. How does hyperthyroidism affect heart?

Thyroid hormone will cause the following changes in the heart:

  • Increases heart rate (inotropic effect ).
  • Increase cardiac output.
  • Increases contractility of heart (chronotropic effect).
  • Causes peripheral vasodilatation.

In case of hyperthyroidism the patient will come with following complaints

  1. palpitations or uneven,irregular and fast heartbeat
  2. strokes
  3.  congestive heart failure.
  4. Angina
  5. thyrotoxic dilated cardiomyopathy.

more reads-signs & symptoms of hyperthyroidism & risk factors in 2020.

article on hypothyroidism-levothyroxine-Treatment of hypothyroidism in 2020

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