In this article we will bust some myths of types of diabetes mellitus and answer some frequently asked questions about types of diabetes mellitus.
more articles-FAQ’S-signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus 2020.
1. What are the 4 types of diabetes mellitus?
There are various types of diabetes and they are:
- TYPE 1 DIABETES
- TYPE 2 DIABETES
- GESTATIONAL DIABETES
- Maturity onset diabetes of the young
- Latent autoimmune diabetes of adulthood
- Secondary diabetes
- Steroid induced diabetes
- Double diabetes
- Drug induced diabetes
- Juvenile diabetes
- Brittle diabetes
- Diabetes insipidus (DI)
2. What is difference between the 2 types of diabetes mellitus-Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes mellitus?
- The main difference between the 2 types of diabetes mellitus that is type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus is that. Type 1 diabetes mellitus is an auto immune condition which causes the destruction of the insulin producing cells and therefore in type 1 there is no insulin in body.
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus can occur due to various factors which makes the body resistant to insulin. Therefore in type 2 there is insulin in the body but it is not utilized. Over a period of time the insulin production can go on decreasing and may even stop.
- Other differences are:
Type 1 diabetes mellitus
Type 2 diabetes mellitus
a) Insulin is not produced
b) Seen in young
c) Mostly thin individual
d) Positive family history of diabetes is rare
e) Antibodies present
f) Do not have abnormal lipid profile
g) Insulin is the main stay of treatment
a) Insulin is produced but body is resistant
b) Seen in older individuals
c) Obese individual
d) Most commonly has positive family history for diabetes
e) No antibodies
f) Patients may have abnormal lipid profile
g) Oral hypoglycemic drugs are main treatment
3. Can you be born with diabetes?
- Yes it is possible that a new born baby has diabetes.
- Its is a very rare condition which occur due to changes in the gene which can hamper the production of insulin resulting in the baby having diabetes. This is called as neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM).also called as congenital diabetes or diabetes of infancy.
- It is seen that in some cases the diabetes goes away by the time the baby is 12 months old and then it may return back later in life.
4. How do I know if I'm diabetic?
- you most probably have diabetes if you:
- Are obese person with any parent or siblings having dibetes.
- And you have developed some of the symptoms like incresed urination, increased thirst, increased tiredness, increased hunger,blurry vision, skin infections, wound that is not healing. when a patient has diabetes at the start it might go unnoticed.
5. What are special types of diabetes mellitus?What is Mody?
Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY) it is a type of diabetes that occurs in young individuals whose age is less than 25years. It shows symptoms similar to type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is caused by mutations, or changes in a single gene (monogenic). These changes are usually inherited as they are passed on in the families, but sometimes the gene mutation can happen on its own
6. Can diabetes cause body pain?
In diabetes the excess of glucose in the body damages the blood vessels supllying the nerves.
this result in destruction of nerves called as diabetic neuropathy.
- – depending on ehich nerve is involved the symptoms are seen accordingly. most common symptoms are pain, tingling, numbness, burning, and is most commonly seen in limbs. when the nerves of the proximal portion of the limbs are affected it results in muscle wasting and pain and this is called as diabetic amyotrophy also known as proximal diabetic neuropathy.
7. When should you go to the hospital for type 2 diabetes?
You should go to the emergency department of hospital if you have found your sugars to be 250mg/dl or higher.
Or if you have any of the following symptoms:
- – Patient is dehydrated
- – Fast and deep breathing
- – Severe abdominal pain
- – Lethargy
- – Decreased blood pressure
- – Excessive sweating
- – Irritable
- – Agitated
- – Anxiety and panic
- – Weakness
These symptoms may suggest that the patient might be having acute complications of diabetes and require prompt treatment.
8. Which types of diabetes mellitus are genetic?
- Genetics may have a role in development of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
- More than type 1 type 2 is the one which has a stronger genetic predominance and therefore if an individual has one or both parent with diabetes has a higher risk of development of diabetes later in life.
9. Can diabetes kill you?
- Yes diabetes on long run can cause many serious complications both acute as well as chronic.
- Death can occur if acute complications such hypoglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperglycemia hyper osmolar state, diabetic coma are not treated immediately.
- Is blood sugar is not kept under control chronic complications can develop such as atherosclerosis, damage too blood vessels, damage to nerves which are the main reason for stroke, heart attacks, non healing ulcer which can cause infection and sepsis, and all these may eventually lead to death.
10. Is there a Stage 3 Diabetes?
- Yes there is type 3 diabetes. it is a condition in which a person with pre existing type 1 diabetes develops insulin resistance which is a feature of type 2 diabetes.
- Severe insulin resistance in brain causes oxidative damage to the brain and can lead to alzheimers disease.
- Hence type 3 diabetes is also known as alzheimers diabetes, brain diabetes.
11. Can prediabetes go away?
Prediabetes is a condition where in an individual has blood sugar levels higher than normal, but it is not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes.
Which means the person is not yet diabetic, so in this case it is a reversible condition.
- Prediabetes can go away if the person takes preventive steps like:
- weight loss in obese individual
- eat healthy diet
- quit smoking
- do not eat junk food
- drink lots of water
- quit alcohol
- avoid sedentary lifestyle
- eat high fibre diet
12. Which types of diabetes mellitus are more common?
- The most common type of diabetes amongst all the type is type 2 diabetes mellitus. Various factors increase the risk of type 2 diabetes such as those people whose parents or siblings has diabetes
- Obese and overweight individual
- Individual with sedentary lifestyle with very less physical activity
- Females who had diabetes during pregnancy , or those females who has polycystic ovary syndrome
- Person belonging to certain race such as African Americans, Alaska native American Indians, Asian American, native Hawaiian etc.
- People with high blood pressure , high blood cholesterol levels.
- People more than 45years of age.